varicose veins and some treatment options

Varicose Veins: Why They Occur and What You Can Do About Them

Do you have unsightly veins showing on your legs? Does it cause pain when you stand for too long?


You’re not alone. Statistics indicate that 20-25 million Americans suffer from varicose veins. In order to receive proper treatment or get varicose vein removal, it is important to have a good understanding of its various forms and causes.


How do veins work?

The human vascular system is made up of millions of blood vessels. We have three types of blood vessels. There’s the artery, responsible for carrying oxygen-rich blood into the heart. The capillary enables the actual exchange of water and chemicals between the blood and the tissues; and finally, there’s the vein carries oxygen-poor blood from the capillaries back toward the heart.


Veins are arranged in a specific way to support blood flow to the heart and other organs. The deep veins run vertically within the muscles. Meanwhile, the superficial veins are a network of a thousand blood vessels. When the veins have trouble pumping blood, it begins to pool and leads to the appearance of varicose veins.


Varicose veins’ causes and symptoms

There are several known causes for spider and varicose veins:

  • As people get older, there’s a significant decrease in the body’s ability to produce collagen. As such, small venous problems can transform into larger ones. They swell and bulge, ultimately becoming more visible.
  • Vein disorders tend to run in families. If your parents or grandparents have DVT, then you are more predisposed to having them yourself and will perhaps require varicose vein removal at some point.
  • Lack of movement in the joints and limbs can contribute to having vein problems too. Standing for particularly long periods of time hinders leg muscles from pumping blood properly and may cause the entire process to slow down entirely.


Vein disease can range from cosmetic annoyances to a condition that’s more life-threatening. The presence of varicose veins can make the skin feel tight and itchy. In severe cases, an affected individual will experience cramping and pain in the affected area. If you think you have vein problems, it is important to see a board certified vein care specialist so your condition can be properly evaluated and the right treatment options can be recommended.


Treatment options

Advancements in the field of varicose vein removal means that there are more treatment options out there than ever before. There are some that don’t require any surgery at all so a patient with vein problems won’t have a much shorter recovery period.


Here’s a closer look at what these types of options are:

  • Spider Vein Laser Treatment. Typically used on unwanted facial spider veins. A beam of light penetrates the skin and destroys these superficial vessels. The procedure is safe, painless, and highly effective, providing remarkable results with minimal risks.
  • This procedure is often done for cosmetic purposes to eliminate the unsightly appearance of spider veins. Innovations made in this treatment have now made it possible to get rid of larger veins as well.
  • VNUS closure. This targets enlarged varicose veins by using radiofrequency energy to heat and shrink the vein, reducing its appearance and promoting blood flow to other, healthier veins.
  • Endovenous Laser Ablation. This laser treatment is used for varicose vein removal in more severe cases. A laser fiber enters the vein from a tiny incision, applies laser energy, and treats the vein from within.


Use the information above to determine your symptoms, but more importantly, seek proper medical attention. Pain may not be present right now but remember, it can be an indicator of a more serious vein condition. So it’s best to have yourself checked at the earliest appearance of varicose veins.


We specialize in diagnosis and treatment for any and all vascular health issues for patients in San Diego County, Orange County and Riverside County. For more information or to set an appointment, please contact us.