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Deep Vein Thrombosis: What are the signs?

deep vein thrombosis

Signs and Symptoms

DVT (Deep Vein Thrombosis) is caused when a blood clot forms in one of the veins of your body, most often in the legs.  The symptoms of DVT include:

  • Swelling and cramp-like pain in one leg (or arm)
  • Purple, red or bluish skin discoloration
  • Leg (or arm) feels warm to the touch

Contact your doctor or find an emergency medical facility as soon as possible, because you may need treatment right away.

 

Preventing DVT

  • Keep active
  • Stay in your normal weight range for your height and age
  • Avoid prolonged periods of inactivity, especially sitting. Get up and move around at least once per hour, or do leg raises and other seated exercises.
  • Avoid alcohol
  • Stay hydrated
  • Wear compression stockings while traveling

 

Blood clots from a Deep Vein Thrombosis and travel to the lungs, causing a pulmonary embolism (PE), which can be fatal.

Pulmonary Embolism:

Signs and Symptoms

  • Sudden shortness of breath
  • Sharp, stabbing chest pain
  • Increased or rapid heart rate
  • Sudden cough, sometimes with blood in mucus

Call an ambulance or 911 immediately for treatment in the ER if you experience these PE symptoms.

Up to 600,000 people in the United States develop blood clots every year.  About 100,000 people in the U.S. die each year from blood clots.

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How Do Spider Veins and Varicose Veins Occur?

spider veins

Varicose Veins:

The veins in our body have multiple one-way valves that transport throughout the body. Varicose veins occur when one such one-way valve fails, causing a ‘reflux’ of blood in the channel which in turn results in that vein channel becoming unable to continue carrying blood to its destination. While there may be several factors behind why varicose veins occur, the most common cause is genetics. More than 50% of varicose vein sufferers indicate a family history.

Spider Veins:

Spider Veins occur when blood vessels begin to lose their elasticity, causing them to loose shape and widen. Spider veins are also genetic genetic, so there is little one can do in terms of prevention. Although they are completely superficial, they can sometimes be an indicator of a more deeply-rooted varicose vein issue. This is why, even for what seems to be a simple case of spider veins,  it is  absolutely critical to work with a vascular surgeon or vein specialist from the start.

 

For more information, or to schedule a consultation, contact The San Diego Vascular Centertoday by calling (760) 739-7666, or visit us on the web at www.SanDiegoVascularCenter.com.

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What is Sclerotherapy treatment for spider vein removal?

spider vein removal

spider vein removalDuring the sclerotherapy procedure, your doctor (preferably a vascular specialist or vascular surgeon) injects the spider veins with a harmless solution that closes those veins, causing the blood to reroute through healthier veins. In a few weeks, the spider veins fade or disappear. Sometimes, the same vein may need to be injected more than once to completely remove spider veins, but more often than not, a patient will see lasting results on the first treatment.

Sclerotherapy requires no anesthesia, and can be performed right in your doctor’s office. Side effects are minimal, such as temporary swelling or itching.

 

For more information, or to schedule a consultation, contact The San Diego Vascular Center today by calling (760) 739-7666, or visit us on the web at www.SanDiegoVascularCenter.com.

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Laser Treatment for Spider Veins and Varicose Veins

How does laser treatment work on spider veins and varicose veins?

A laser is a highly focused beam of light, which emits heat. The focused heat from the laser damages the vein it is applied to, forming scar tissue closes the vein. Once the vein is closed, it slowly disappears.

Simple Laser Treatment. Simple laser vein treatments are performed on the outside of the skin. External laser treatments are primarily used to treat spider veins and tiny varicose veins near the skin’s surface. More than one laser session may be necessary to completely remove spider veins, especially if they have formed a tight cluster. If you have poor blood circulation feeding these tiny veins, the larger “feeder” vein must first be treated by means of sclerotherapy or endovenous laser.

Endovenous Laser Treatment. Endovenous laser treatment is prescribed for treating larger varicose veins, such as those in the legs. A laser fiber enters the vein through a catheter, as the doctor views the vein on an ultrasound screen.  Pain is minimal; local anesthesia or a light sedative is all that is needed for laser treatment.

Recovery

Recovery time after laser treatment is typically short and without pain. You are likely to be able to return to your normal daily routine the same day or day after Simple Laser Treatment.

Recovery after Endovenous Laser Treatment is a bit more extensive. Patients are required to wear compression stockings/garments and get proper rest for at least one week, and usually the doctor would follow up with additional ultrasound to ensure successful venus closure.

For more information, or to schedule a consultation, contact The San Diego Vascular Center today by calling (760) 739-7666, or visit us on the web at www.SanDiegoVascularCenter.com.