Chronic wounds require proper attention and treatment, so patients should be aware of all possible options. Professional wound care is an important alternative that you must consider to treat chronic wounds.
Chronic wounds include, but are not limited to, diabetic foot ulcers, pressure ulcers, and venous leg ulcers. These wounds are all very different and it can be difficult for a lot of professionals to choose the best treatment. They consume a huge deal of healthcare resources worldwide.
The physiological wound healing process consists of 4 temporary and overlapping phases called hemostasis, inflammation, proliferation, and remodeling.
Pathophysiology of Chronic Wounds
Chronic wounds are considered chronic because they fail to follow the normal phases of healing in an orderly and timely fashion. In fact, most chronic wounds stall at the inflammation phase of healing. Chronic wounds often share the same features even if they have big differences in etiology at the molecular level.
Chronic Wound Care
When it comes to wound care, a number of things must be considered. Take note that chronic wound care is a complex process, so there are many steps to take. Here is an example of an average wound healing regimen that you might be interested in.
Confirmation and documentation
You need to verify the status of injury when you engage in chronic wound care. You have to determine the cause and the persistence of the wound you are concerned about. Remember that wounds are not considered chronic unless they persist for at least 6 weeks.
There are a few other warning signs to look for to determine if you have a chronic wound. These would include pus and drainage, redness, swelling, pain, constant itching, and fever.
Preparing the wound site
After determining and understanding the basics of the particular wound, the next thing to do is to focus on preparing the wound site. The preparation involves getting rid of potential hindrances to the effective healing of the wound.
Understanding the wound is part of wound care. This involves knowing the accompanying level of pain, color and amount of exudate or debris, and the presence of tracts.
After you have a comprehensive understanding of the wound, you must make sure it is clean. This includes the sterilization of the wound and prevention of microbe infiltration. It is then important to make sure there is an appropriate level of moisture in and around the particular wound area.
Picking of Proper Dressing
Remember that each wound type can be different, even if they show many of the same symptoms. Each require their own type of dressing. Likewise, it can be difficult to know the method that you should use.
If the wound needs more moisture, then it must be applied with hydrogel dressing. If the skin is sensitive around the wound, a non-adherent dressing is needed for the prevention of painful tearing. If the wound has a lot of depth to it, you can fill it with an alginate dressing. You should use enough to cover the size of the cavity.
Wound care is more than just managing your wound, because it requires proper attention and medical expertise. It is essential that you follow the advice of your physician so that chronic wound conditions will be effectively treated and cured.
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