More serious than spider vein treatment: What is Vascular Disease?
While most of us are familiar with spider veins and varicose vein treatment, a much smaller percentage of the population makes a connection between varicose veins and vascular disease.
While varicose veins typically do not pose a health risk, serious cases can cause constant pain, or lead to Thrombophlebitis. Thrombophlebitis is painful swelling of the vein, which usually occurs when a blood clot forms. Varicose veins can rupture, bleeding into circumferential tissue, and sometimes resulting in open sores and subsequent infection. Pain and swelling would be the first symptoms of serious varicose vein issues.
Since spider veins and varicose veins occur in outlying, secondary veins, their consequences are not as severe or life threatening as are diseases that occur in our deeper vein structures.
Here are some vascular diseases that we routinely screen for at the San Diego Vascular Center:
- Aortic Aneurism – if the wall of a vein is weakened, the pressure from blood flowing can cause a balloon-like bulge. These aneurisms most typically occur in the thoracic or abdominal aorta. The aneurism increases the chance of blood clots, or they can rupture, resulting in internal bleeding and death.
- Deep Vein Thrombosis – DVT occurs when a blood clot forms in the deep veins of the vascular system, usually in the legs. This is a very serious issue, because the blood clot can travel with the flow of blood and become lodged in an organ, blocking blood flow to that organ, which can be deadly. A heightened risk of DVT occurs after periods of prolonged inactivity, or if a patient does not move around enough after a surgical procedure.
- Pulmonary Embolism – Occurs when a blood clot lodges at the lungs and blocks blood flow. Pulmonary embolism can result in heart damage or fatality.
- Peripheral Artery Disease – When the lining of the arteries become clogged with cholesterol or plaque (atherosclerosis), they can sometimes become too constricted for blood to pass though. PAD is very serious, and can lead to heart attack, stroke, and amputation.
- Renal Artery Disease: When atherosclerosis occurs in the arteries of the kidneys causing narrowing or stenosis, the result is Renal Artery Disease. Renal Artery Disease can cause damage to kidneys. In addition to atherosclerosis, Renal Artery Disease can also be caused by fibromuscular dysplasia, whereby the renal arteries develop improperly to cause narrowing and restrict blood flow.
There are several more diseases that fall under the category of vascular disease, however, these are just the most common.
Please note that any kind of pain, swelling, dizziness or changes in blood pressure should be taken seriously. If any of these symptoms occur, visit a vascular center immediately.
There are several more conditions affecting the vascular system. We suggest that If you are in Riverside, San Diego or Orange County, even if you coming to the San Diego Vascular Center for a routine or cosmetic treatment, such spider vein removal or varicose vein removal, you should ask about screening for vascular disease.
The San Diego Vascular Center specializes in diagnosis and treatment for any and all vascular health issues for patients in San Diego County, Orange County and Riverside County. For more information or to set an appointment, please contact us.